Series 2 – Bài 17: Nói về thời quá khứ

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Bài 17: talking about the past (nói về thời quá khứ)

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Part 1 - THE DIALOGUE (đối thoại)

Bốn người Úc sẽ kể cho các bạn nghe về các hoạt động thể thao của họ.


SIMON:    I've always played a lot of sport. I like soccer best. I've been playing since I was at school.

LYNNE:    No. I'm not interested in sport, but I like an outdoor life. I'm a keen bushwalker, and I enjoy gardening, too.

LYNNE:    I've never been interested in sport, but I like an outdoor life. I've been a keen bushwalker for many years. I've always enjoyed gardening, too.

SAM:       I've been at university since I left school, so I haven't had time for sport. I've been spending all my spare time studying.

AMY:       I used to play a lot of sport, but I don't get out much these days. But I've been enjoying it very much.


Part 2 - VOCABULARY (từ vựng)

a bushwalker              người đi bộ trong rừng (thể thao) 

[ 'bʊʃ wɔkə ]

a conservationist        nhà hoạt động bảo vệ thiên nhiên, người 

[ kɒnsə 'veIʃənəst ]        có xu huớng bảo vệ thiên nhiên.

an outdoor life              cuộc sống ngoài trời 

[ 'aʊtdɔ∪laIf ]

soccer                    bóng đá 

[ 'sɒkə ]

to garden                làm vườn 

[ 'gadən ]

to get out                đi, thoát ra 

[ 'gɛt aʊt ]

to paint                    vẽ tranh, sơn 

[ 'peInt ]

to spend                  tiêu xài 

[ 'spɛnd ]

to study                    học tập 

[ 'stʌdi ]

recently                    mới đây 

[ 'risəntli ]


Part 3 – LESSON: talking about the past (nói về thời quá khứ)

Khi nói về một hành động bắt đầu ở quá khứ, tiếp tục cho tới hiện tại và có thể tiếp tục trong tương lai, chúng ta dùng thời hiện tại hoàn thành. Thí dụ:

I've always played a lot of sport.                               Tôi thường xuyên chơi thể thao rất nhiều.

I've been a keen bushwalker for many years.       Tôi thích tảo bộ trong rừng đã nhiều năm nay.

Chúng ta có thể dùng thời hiện tại hoàn thành để tiếp tục chỉ những việc đã xảy ra trong quá khứ, vẫn đang xảy ra trong hiện tại và sẽ có thể tiếp tục trong tương lai.

I've been spending all my spare time studying.    Tôi dành tất cả thời gian nhàn rổi để học.

I've been watching sport on television.                   Tôi thường theo dõi thể thao qua truyền hình.

Part 4 - PRONUNCIATION (phát âm)

Đôi khi khó có thể phân biệt được giữa hai thanh / n / / ŋ /.

Bạn hãy đọc to những từ sau và phân biệt rõ hai thanh:

/ n /                                     / ŋ /

son                                  sung

win                                  wing

sinner                              singer

thin                                 thing

ton                                  tongue

run                                  rung

pan                                  pang

Part 5 - PRACTICE (luyện tập)

Điền vào chỗ trống ở cuối câu các từ thích hợp sau đây:

for years, every year, at least twice, ten times

1. I've been watching sport on television…

2. We've won…

3. I've been to your party…

4. I've seen that movie…


Part 6 – THE SERIAL (chuyện đọc từng kỳ)

Episode 17:

          I told the detective everything I knew about Henry Cotton, and the police had the briefcase. Diana had gone, and I didn't expect to see her again. But when you've been so involved in a mystery, you don't just forget about it, do you? And of course there was Mandy, who was very interested… in Ben Morris! He came to our house one day, and Judy and I liked him too. He was very upset about Cotton's death.

          I asked Ben about Cotton's driver, the small red-faced man who had tried to get the briefcase. Ben said the man's name was Stanley Vincent. He has left his job as a driver at the university some time ago, and now the police would be looking for him. Ben believed that Vincent was working for another group of scientists who wanted to be first with the discovery.

          There was more excitement to come. First, there was a terrible shock for Mandy… and for Judy and me as well. Mandy came home from the university with the news.

          'They've arrested Ben,' she said, and burst into tears. I couldn't believe it.

          'Nonsense,' I said. 'You must have made a mistake.' But I phoned Detective Baker, and he said, 'We now believe that Cotton was murdered. Mr Morris is helping us with our enquiries.'

          'What you mean is that Ben Morris has been arrested.' I said. 'That's crazy! You've made a mistake.' Detective Baker sounded angry. 'Leave it with us, Mr Moon. Oh… and by the way, have you heard from the young lady?'

          'Do you mean Diana Cotton?' I asked. "Hmm… perhaps,' he said. 'Are you sure it was Diana Cotton? Did you know her?'

'Well… no,' I said, 'but of course it was Diana. Who else could it be?' And the detective said, 'That's what we'd like to know!'

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'Everyday English From Australia' lessons were funded by AusAID (the Australian Government's aid agency) and produced by Radio Australia Vietnamese Service in cooperation with Voice of Vietnam. Script advice was provided by the English Language Centre, Victoria University (Melbourne).

'Everyday English From Australia' lessons form part of English learning content of BayVut website (www.bayvut.com) – a service provided by Radio Australia.

(Nguồn ABC English)