2024 Studying abroad with TOP 8 labour-shortage professions in Australia

Written by Nghi. Published on 26/03/2024. Posted in Carousel, Study abroad in Australia. View : 203
With the rapid spread of trends and remarkable advancements in technology, it’s evident that the world is transforming at an unprecedented pace. This poses a new challenge for individual career development.
Understanding these changes and leveraging them can create significant opportunities for your career. In this article, let’s explore with SET Education the top occupations and skills that the Australian labour market demands. This will provide you with an overview and a better understanding of potential career options aligned with your goals and aspirations. We’ll focus on professions that are challenging to replace with AI.

Cyber Security

The emergence of advanced technologies has created opportunities for cybercriminals to target their victims in new ways. Australia has seen a 13% increase in cybercrime reports in the 2021-2022 financial year.

You may be wondering if AI will replace cybersecurity jobs, but the likelihood of this happening is slim. Despite AI providing various advantages in cybersecurity, like threat detection, human intervention remains essential in adapting to emerging technologies and navigating ethical dilemmas.
Students who study Cyber Security after graduation can work in fields such as:
  • IT programmer
  • Network security team leader
  • IT security expert
  • IT analyst

Projected job growth and average salaries: Projected job growth and average salaries will vary across roles, as these figures show:

  • Employment in Database & Systems Administrator & IT Security roles is projected to grow 38.9% from 2021 to 2026.
  • Median weekly earnings are $2,342.

Software development and computer science

Software and application programmers rank #2 among the 20 most in-demand jobs in Australia and are projected to witness substantial employment growth from 2022 to 2027. The robust expansion of the information technology sector and the pervasive use of applications and software in daily life have generated a significant demand for programming and application development professionals.
In an increasingly technology-dependent world, the proliferation of mobile applications, sophisticated software, and online platforms has unlocked numerous career opportunities for programmers. This profession necessitates not only a solid foundation in programming and software development but also the capacity to innovate and adapt to emerging technology trends.

Some of the best computer science jobs for the future include:

  • Software developer/engineer
  • Web designer
  • Computer scientist
  • Systems Engineer
  • Network analyst

Projected job growth and average salary: The figures below refer to Software and Application Programmers:

  • Employment is expected to grow 27% from 2021 to 2026.
  • Median weekly earnings are $2,208.

Aged Care

There will always be a need for medical professionals, but specialized skills are needed when meeting the unique needs of the elderly. Australia also faces an aging population – by 2066, 21% – 23% of the total population is predicted to be aged 65 or over, meaning aged care and gerontology will require more labour. 

As technology develops, it will benefit this profession and is not expected to affect jobs. While automation will continue to support practical tasks such as monitoring patient health status, these tasks will always require human empathy and compassion.

Some jobs in this field for graduates include:

  • Personal worker
  • Residential support staff
  • Admin Officer
  • Policy Analyst
  • Program Coordinator

Projected job growth and average salaries: Projected job growth and average salaries will vary between roles in the aged care sector:

  • Employment in the Aged and Disability Care sector is predicted to grow by 28% from 2021 to 2026.
  • Median weekly earnings are $1,382.


The labour market in the education sector is currently experiencing a shortage of human resources, presenting a significant opportunity for individuals considering a career in this field. This shortage reflects the ongoing growth of the education sector and the rising demand for teachers and education professionals.
Moreover, current teachers have the chance to acquire new and essential skills to enhance their employability. The integration of technology into teaching and learning processes and the provision of inclusive education to students with special needs are emerging trends in education. Teachers proficient in technology usage will be highly valued and enjoy improved job prospects.
Furthermore, another advantage of careers in education is the challenge of implementing artificial intelligence (AI). While AI can help automate certain tasks such as lesson planning and grading, it cannot replace the empathy and personal interaction provided by teachers. The ability to interact with and support each student according to their individual needs is a crucial aspect that only humans can offer, thereby increasing the significance of teachers in the educational journey. Consequently, this situation fosters long-term stability and potential in the education industry.

There are many career paths to explore beyond becoming an elementary or secondary school teacher, including:

  • Special needs teacher
  • Learning designer
  • Curriculum designer
  • Career advisor
  • Teaching Assistant

Projected job growth and average salaries: Job growth and average salaries will vary by specific roles.

  • Employment in Education and Training is projected to grow 13.4% from 2021 to 2026.
  • Median weekly earnings are $1,299.

Nursing and Healthcare

According to the report, the nursing profession has been ranked as the top job among the 20 most in-demand positions in Australia. This not only underscores the necessity and significance of the healthcare sector but is also a consequence of various societal and health-related factors, with the COVID-19 pandemic serving as a prominent example.
Furthermore, advancements in healthcare technology are contributing to the growing demand for human resources. Emerging medical technologies such as artificial intelligence, medical data analytics, and mobile medicine are creating new opportunities in healthcare while also necessitating skilled personnel capable of implementing and managing these technologies. Additionally, Australia’s population is aging, leading to an increasing proportion of elderly individuals. This demographic shift is driving up the demand for healthcare services, ranging from basic care to specialized care for the elderly.

Here is a list of healthcare careers you can consider:

  • Registered nurse
  • Aged Care and Disability worker
  • Occupational therapist
  • Physical therapist
  • Health services manager

Projected job growth and average salaries: The figures below refer to the Healthcare and Social Assistance industry as a whole:

  • Employment in the Healthcare and Social Assistance sector is projected to grow 15.8% from 2021 to 2026.
  • Average weekly earnings are $1,150.

Data analysis

Data analytics, an emerging industry in Australia in 2020, has garnered significant attention and growth, expanding by 61% from 2015 to 2019. This trend not only reflects the increasing volume of accessible data but also signifies the ongoing advancement of technology.
While artificial intelligence (AI) is progressively automating various aspects of this field, the crucial role of humans in data analysis cannot be overlooked. While AI can handle large and complex datasets, human intervention and judgment are indispensable for understanding context and applying insights tailored to specific business and industry needs.
Data analysts serve not only as individuals capable of analyzing data but also as strategic consultants, offering directional solutions and development strategies based on gathered information. Thus, despite technological advancements, human comprehension and in-depth analysis remain pivotal in utilising data to enhance business efficiency and shape future strategies.

Careers students can work in this field include:

  • Data analyst
  • Sales analyst
  • Website analyst
  • Technical business analyst
  • Data Engineer

Projected job growth and average salaries: The figures below refer to actuaries, mathematicians and statisticians as a whole:

  • Jobs for Actuaries, Mathematicians, and Statisticians are projected to grow 11% from 2021 to 2026.
  • Median weekly earnings are $1,931.

Web Development

In the digital era, online shopping and managing bank accounts via the Internet have become commonplace. The convenience and flexibility of online commerce have seamlessly integrated into daily life, driving a growing demand for skilled professionals proficient in user experience, creativity, and problem-solving.
User experience specialists not only require a thorough understanding of the technological platforms they work with but also possess the ability to analyze and assess user interactions with products or services. Despite the rapid growth of artificial intelligence (AI) and its potential to automate various tasks, individuals with specialised skills in user experience, creativity, and problem-solving remain essential for ensuring the continued development and sustainability of this industry.

Some web development jobs you can get into include:

  • Web developer
  • Application Developer
  • UX designer
  • Software Developer

Projected job growth and average salary: The figures below refer to the entire Multimedia Specialist and Web Developer occupation group

  • Employment for Multimedia Specialists and Web Developers is projected to grow 13.7% from 2021 to 2026.
  • Median weekly earnings are $1,910.

Digital communications

Professionals in the realm of digital media leverage various media formats to effectively convey messages. With the continuous emergence of new communication channels, adept digital communication is poised to become a sought-after skill across industries.
Despite the increasing development of artificial intelligence (AI) and its automation of certain tasks within the digital media field, human involvement remains indispensable. Creativity, a profound understanding of a brand’s context, and human judgment on issues like privacy and security remain pivotal in crafting and sustaining successful digital communication strategies. As such, professionals in this domain must continually refine and enhance their skills to navigate the intricacies and diversity of today’s digital media landscape.
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